Some 10 years ago, Ozarks Technical Community College became the first higher education establishment to ban smoking even outdoors.
Advanced Search Abstract Smoking bans offer practical protection against environmental tobacco smoke and highlight the decreasing normative status of smoking. At Canadian universities, indoor smoking is now completely prohibited, but regulations vary with respect to outdoor smoking.
The purpose of this research was to conceptualize the interactions of smoking bans on campus with changing social norms around smoking.
Interviews were conducted with 36 key informants, exploring the development and normative significance of smoking bans at three case study institutions. Five key themes were identified in the transcripts. First, universities were understood as community leaders and role models. Second, they were viewed as institutions with a mandate to promote health.
Third, students were generally perceived to view smoke-free environments and lifestyles as normative. Fourth, respondents also acknowledged that students remain vulnerable to social and behavioural influences that can encourage smoking.
Our findings suggest that health-promoting policies, such as smoking bans, can be motivated by changes in social norms and that their implementation reinforces this norm shift. Moreover, the contextual and compositional characteristics of universities mean they are uniquely placed to adopt such initiatives.
Introduction In the s, evidence emerged linking environmental tobacco smoke ETS exposure to the development of lung cancer in non-smokers.
With this knowledge came increasing recognition that smokers were not only putting their own health at risk but also harming those near them [ 1 ]. Today, ETS is linked to coronary heart disease, respiratory infections and asthma, as well as cancers at numerous sites [ 4 ].
Recognition of such risks has led most high-income nations to impose smoking bans covering publicly accessible buildings and indoor workplaces [ 5 ].
In Canada, where this research is centred, all 10 provinces currently offer this level of protection against indoor smoke. This de-normalization has become especially pronounced in recent years—due not only to the expansion in smoke-free policy [ 6 ] but also to the influence of anti-smoking media campaigns and restrictions on tobacco marketing [ 3 ].
Our focus is on the last of these examples, in the Canadian setting. Specifically, we ask how smoking bans and social norms interact at three case study universities. In so doing, we explore the institutional characteristics contextual and compositional that make tobacco use increasingly non-normative and support the extension of smoking bans.
We also identify the ways in which bans encourage this norm shift, particularly among students. Campuses are important sites for tobacco control. Moreover, as recently asmany Canadian universities permitted smoking in various indoor areas, particularly residences and bars [ 12 ].
However, this has changed rapidly: Policy options for restricting outdoor smoking on campus include the following: In practice, partial outdoor restrictions have been imposed by provincial, municipal and university authorities—with the option of a complete ban left to the discretion of universities alone [ 1314 ].
The normative impact of spatial restrictions on campus smoking is important to establish. Both new and existing students may also be influenced by the negative health role model effect of seeing others smoking on campus [ 17 ].
There are two broad types of social norms: Norms constrain individual action by offering social consequences, or sanctions, for not complying with expectations [ 21 ]. Those who experience sanctions may amend their behaviour to conform with expectations in order to be re accepted, or risk experiencing short- and long-term social effects e.
Importantly, norms may shift over time. This can occur when formal rules such as laws or policies are enacted that require the adoption of new behaviours [ 24 ]. However, this can be managed.
This reduces cognitive dissonance, which in turn can protect self-esteem [ 24 ]. Many individuals acting to mitigate cognitive dissonance can contribute to a wide-scale norm shift. Norm shift can also be understood in the context of normalization process theory.
Thus, collective actions that demonstrate mutual commitment to and investment in an idea allow that idea to gain currency. Normalization is therefore a social process that requires ongoing action and commitment from individuals.
This work serves as a reminder that health education on campus is not restricted to pedagogic environments.Though smoking on campus poses a problem for many students, a complete ban on smoking across campus is not a fair or realistic solution to the problems posed by tobacco use.
Tufts should focus on education related to nicotine addiction and treatment rather than . Because none of us had the privilege of skipping D.A.R.E. in grade school, most smokers are well aware that smoking will eventually lead to health problems.
We choose to do it anyway. Starting Sept. 1, Savannah State University will be a smoke-free campus. This includes any facilities owned by SSU such as housing units, offices, and outside.
Assistant VP of Human Resources and Professional Development, Sandra McCord Best, said “SSU is . “Since my grandfather died of lung cancer at age 68 due to heavy smoking, I am pleased to see a ban on smoking on our campus,” Herrera-Sobek said in an email.
“I feel that discouraging people from acquiring the habit of smoking, such as the ban on smoking on campus, is a contribution to society. University of South Florida. Useful resources.
UF's Facebook. UF Student Facebook Groups. UF's Twitter. the City of Gainesville ban on smoking within 20 feet of an RTS bus stop is enforceable by a $75 citation: It's not enforceable at all because UF is a public campus, therefore, while the campus is smoke-free, if they.
Our campus community believes that secondhand smoke is a problem on campus. The following are results from the April survey: 86 percent of students and employees said they believe secondhand smoke is a health hazard.