Health The NHS has come under criticism after plans to ban patients from surgery unless they quit smoking were revealed. The logic behind the move is that smokers are a higher burden the health service due to the illnesses that they pick up as a result of their own decision, but this clear-cut, utilitarian approach has come under fire.
Key facts Tobacco kills up to half of its users. Tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year. More than 6 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke. Leading cause of death, illness and impoverishment The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than 7 million people a year.
Tobacco users who die prematurely deprive their families of income, raise the cost of health care and hinder economic development. In some countries, children from poor households are frequently employed in tobacco farming to provide family income.
These children are especially vulnerable to "green tobacco sickness", which is caused by the nicotine that is absorbed through the skin from the handling of wet tobacco leaves. Surveillance is key Good monitoring tracks the extent and character of the tobacco epidemic and indicates how best to tailor policies.
Second-hand smoke kills Second-hand smoke is the smoke that fills restaurants, offices or other enclosed spaces when people burn tobacco products such as cigarettes, bidis and water-pipes.
There are more than chemicals in tobacco smoke, of which at least are known to be harmful and more than 50 are known to cause cancer. There is no safe level of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. In adults, second-hand smoke causes serious cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including coronary heart disease and lung cancer.
In infants, it causes sudden death. In pregnant women, it causes low birth weight. Almost half of children regularly breathe air polluted by tobacco smoke in public places. Second-hand smoke causes more than premature deaths per year.
Every person should be able to breathe tobacco-smoke-free air. Smoke-free laws protect the health of non-smokers, are popular, do not harm business and encourage smokers to quit. Tobacco users need help to quit Studies show that few people understand the specific health risks of tobacco use.
Among smokers who are aware of the dangers of tobacco, most want to quit.
Counselling and medication can more than double the chance that a smoker who tries to quit will succeed. Picture warnings work Hard-hitting anti-tobacco advertisements and graphic pack warnings — especially those that include pictures — reduce the number of children who begin smoking and increase the number of smokers who quit.
Graphic warnings can persuade smokers to protect the health of non-smokers by smoking less inside the home and avoiding smoking near children. Studies carried out after the implementation of pictorial package warnings in Brazil, Canada, Singapore and Thailand consistently show that pictorial warnings significantly increase people's awareness of the harms of tobacco use.
Mass media campaigns can also reduce tobacco consumption by influencing people to protect non-smokers and convincing youths to stop using tobacco. Ad bans lower consumption Bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship can reduce tobacco consumption.
Taxes discourage tobacco use Tobacco taxes are the most cost-effective way to reduce tobacco use, especially among young and poor people. Even so, high tobacco taxes is a measure that is rarely implemented. Tobacco tax revenues are on average times higher than spending on tobacco control, based on available data.
Illicit trade of tobacco products must be stopped The illicit trade in tobacco products poses major health, economic and security concerns around the world. It is estimated that 1 in every 10 cigarettes and tobacco products consumed globally is illicit.
· New York with a greater incentive to avoid the tax. Smokers in New York State respond to higher taxes by purchasing Cigarette Purchasing Patterns among New York Smokers: Implications for Health, Price, and Revenue.
Tobacco Control.. Health. New York tranceformingnlp.com://tranceformingnlp.com Smokers who can’t afford their higher premiums might choose to go without coverage and pay the tax penalty instead. Tax penalties From through anyone who chooses not to pay for the cost of health insurance premiums, a penalty will be levied in one of .
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