Specifically, we will discuss the concept of paired association and its relationship to the development of anxiety disorders. However, classical conditioning is discussed in more detail in the section on Behavioral Learning Theories and Associated Therapies. Classical conditioning can be applied to understand many learning experiences. For our purposes, we will limit our discussion to classical conditioning as it relates to how anxiety disorders may be learned.
Hire Writer Phobias are can be developed through classical conditioning. Ivan Pavlov was famous for his theory of classical conditioning who studied digestive systems of dogs. In his studies and experiment he noticed, that dogs salivate when presented with food which was a common trait.
Pavlov noticed if the bell or a tuning fork rang the dog would salivate when there was no food present. The dog associated the food with the bell this is what is known as classical conditioning.
One more example of this is music the neutral stimulus is the music when paired the unconditioned stimulus automatically triggers tapping of the feet know as an unconditioned response. Fears and phobias progress in the same way as conditioning. Phobias can cause health problems from panic attacks or anxiety.
Individuals with phobias avoid being in that situation and stay in their comfort zone. Human beings we behaviors that can easily become addicted to a drug or food or substance.
In operant conditioning human beings get addicted to substances they see other people doing, such as food, sex, gambling, and drugs. Addiction is defined as compulsive physiological need for and use of a habit-forming substance as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal; broadly: Classical conditioning is learned behavior using a stimulus and operant conditioning is a method of learning that uses a reward to gain the desired response the craving for the drug the use of the drug is the reward.
One example to is that classical conditioning involuntary behavior and Operant conditioning is focused on voluntary behaviors. Operant conditioning is defined as a conditioning in which the desired behavior or increasingly closer approximations to it are followed by a rewarding or reinforcing stimulus Webster.
Operant conditioning can be used for punishment when the desired response is not achieved.
Addiction such as alcohol for example would be you had the long hard day and you a have a cold six pack over the legal limit. The beer was your reward for having a long hard day. The addiction of wanting more beer is and addiction to alcohol and the substance has a hold of you which is known as alcoholism.
The punishment will be impulsive if you get caught being pulled over for driving under the influence by the police because you decided o get more beer and drive to the store that would not be a favorite for a drinker getting caught the rush is not to get caught.
Extinction would be not to drink at all and have an ice tea and make the behavior decrees or disappear.
Operant conditioning can be related to an extinction technique if to many beers are consumed and the individual decides to go get more beer in a driving a motor vehicle to get there the thrill would be not getting caught and the consequence would be getting arrested for driving under the influence.
The extinction would be not to drink s many beers or not at all and try a different reward for a long hard day and never to drive under the influence of alcohol.
In summary I have talked about classical conditioning and how it is automatic for dogs to salivate when there is food present and buy repeating the conditions with the bell ringing triggered the same response the dog eventually learned when the bell rings there is food and to salivate even without the food present.
We learned the operant conditioning requires some type of reward being either positive or negative such as punishment. We learned about hobbies and what types of phobias are out there, phobias can cause health problems if not treated.
How to cite this page Choose cite format:In classical conditioning, an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another. Development of phobias through classical conditioning takes place when one stimulus is paired with another that changes or obscures the original reflexive response to the original stimulus (Dingfelder, ).
This may occur through specific types of therapy, such as cue exposure therapy. It might also occur simply through practice and the passage of time.
People who do not experience a reduction in the power of cues are at significant risk for relapse. Phobias and addictions are two emotional difficulties which learning theorists can account for. Include the following components: • Explore how phobias can be developed through classical conditioning.
Phobias And Addictions we do. In this paper I will be discussing the phobias and addictions as related to classical and operant conditioning. I will go into a further insight on both of. Phobias and addictions are simply emotional matters of the mind.
Phobias can be developed through classical conditioning; whereas addictions can be developed through operant conditioning. While they are both types of behavior modification, they are truly different from one another. Phobias, Addictions, Conditioning Essay words - 4 pages conditioning is an approach introduced by Burrhus Frederic Skinner; he believed that we did have a brain, but it was more important to study the behavior rather than just the mind, looking at how actions affect behaviors.