More Essay Examples on Crime Rubric So Marxists argue that working-class people are more likely to break the law because of exploitation and poverty.
Marxist View on Crime and Deviance Marxist View on Crime and Deviance 8 August Sociology According to Wickhamdeviance is behaviour that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society. Karl Marx says that deviance is due to unequal power relationships and is a function of class struggle.
Crime, however, is an act of deviance prohibited by law. The conflict theory of crime states that those in the higher social classes will benefit more from the government, compared to those in the lower class.
Thus, conflict will be present in society, and the resulting crime will benefit those in power.
Marxists believe that all classes in society are deviant and criminal. They disagree that deviance is a working class phenomenon, though they are thought of as the main offenders of crime and deviance. Laws are made by the state, which represent the interests of the ruling class.
They note that the crimes of the upper class exert a greater economic toll on society than the crimes of the ordinary people. Marxists believe that crime and deviance is a direct outcome of the exploitative nature of the capitalist society.
According to him, the ruling class exploits the working class. They believe that the superstructure the state, the police, the legal system, the family maintain and reflect ruling class ideology.
The working class is under a state of false class consciousness, and are therefore very vulnerable and easily taken advantage of. Until true class consciousness can be reached by this exploited working class, the ruling class would continue to use crime for their benefit.
Thus, it is those in power who define crime. To reach success, functionalists believe that the correct thing to do is go through institutionalized means in order to access certain goals.
However, what Marxists point out is that these institutions are all corrupt, and are just used to secure the superiority of the ruling class. Thus, those being exploited cannot use these institutions to reach higher up in society. This is why many turn to crime and deviance in order to get what they want.
Working class crime is a result of labour exploitation and labour misery. Hence, theft is an expression of that exploitation and is a political act of the proletariat against the bourgeoisie.
However, the ruling class will violate laws will impunity while the members of the working class will be punished. The current economic system is ensured to stay in favour of the ruling class due to existing laws.
Obviously, crime and deviance will occur as these laws are designed to sustain the capitalist economic system. Hence, in a capitalist society, crime is inevitable, as it stems from social inequalities.
The economic and social environment created is almost guaranteed to create crime and deviance. In all capitalist societies, the ruling class gains more in every aspect of social life.
Since they are benefiting, they would not want to change the norms and values of society the status quoof the capitalist society. Karl Marx believes that revolutionary means is the best way to make a change and to resist the dominant ideology present, as he states that the presence of a capitalist society is what causes crime.
Hence, he believes that a revolution will happen, rather than criminal activity, where the ruling class will be overthrown, resulting in the elimination of crime. Karl Marx has been both criticized and praised for his works.
Firstly, his ideas are said to offer some kind of balance, as they do not focus on working-class deviance, and emphasize that deviance occurs at every level of society.
(21 marks) Marxism is a macro/structural approach to society, meaning that it looks at the large-scale societal structure for answers about how society works and operates and explores crime and deviance in relation to classes within a capitalist society. Marxism: A* Essay Exemplar Traditional Marxist’s view of crime has 3 key aspects: The Criminogenic capitalism, the state and law making and ideological functions of crime and law. Crime and Deviance - Marxist Approach Rachel Jones. NEO MARXISM and RELIGION mattyp Values: Handout Booklet mattyp 11 Functionalism: Cloze test. Marxist Theory of Crime Essay. Using the material from item A and elsewhere assess the usefulness of Marxist approaches to an understanding of crime and deviance.
However, they ignore the impact of other systems as they focus too much on the capitalist system. Jock Young states that Marx fails to acknowledge that the social controls provided by the state can protect working-class people from crime and deviance.
Feminists say that Marxism places undue emphasis on class inequality, ignoring the role of patriarchy in shaping how the criminal justice system operates. Marxists assume that in a communist utopia, crime would be eradicated, but historically, this has not been the case.
Marxists have an over simplistic view of crime.
Although there are clearly some people with more power than others, this does not mean that they can pass any law that benefits them. Unlike the functionalist theories, the conflict theories focus on conflict between different sets of group values, rather than consensus in society.Outline and assess Marxist theories of crime and deviance.
(50 marks) Marxists argue that the nature and organisation of capitalism, creates the potential for criminal behaviour. Gordon states that capitalism is characterised by class inequalities in the distribution of, for example, wealth and income, poverty, unemployment and homelessness.
The Views on Crime and Deviance of Boys and Girls (Investigation Plan) The project I am doing is looking at the views on crime and deviance between girls and boys aged , to fully understand and to explore this project fully, I needed to find a sufficient and appropriate way to collect the data.
Many Marxists see crime as a natural ‘outgrowth’ of the capitalist system. Evaluating the Marxist Perspective on Crime (part 1) Assess the Contribution of Marxism to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance – outline essay plan. The Marxist Perspective on the Family. The Marxist explanation of crime and deviance is exactly that a view from one section of society.
The area of crime and deviance is so vast with so many different opinions to come to a complete explanation one would have .
According to Wickham (), deviance is behaviour that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society. Karl Marx says that deviance is due to unequal power relationships and is a function of class struggle.
(21 marks) Marxism is a macro/structural approach to society, meaning that it looks at the large-scale societal structure for answers about how society works and operates and explores crime and deviance in relation to classes within a capitalist society.