Perez - December 26, Justice Jose C. On January 20,after days of political turmoil and popular revolt, the Supreme Court declared the presidency vacant. The military and the national police had earlier withdrawn their support for Estrada. Let us build an edifice of peace, progress, and economic stability.
Along with the Hacienda Luisita massacre of November 16,these two incidents represent the darker side of the Aquino legacy. The struggle between farmers and landowners of Hacienda Luisita is now being seen as the first real test of character of presidential candidate Noynoy Cojuangco Aquino, whose family has owned the land since Our research shows that the problem began when government lenders obliged the Cojuangcos to distribute the land to small farmers by, a deadline that came and went.
Pressure for land reform on Luisita since then reached a bloody head in when seven protesters were killed near the gate of the sugar mill in what is now known as the Luisita massacre. This is the story of the hacienda and its farmers, an issue that is likely to haunt Aquino as he travels the campaign trail for the May elections.
Below is part one. This is one of the most common questions asked in the elections. To find the answer, GMANews. Details are gradually explored in this series of special reports.
A background on the troubled history of Hacienda Luisita is essential to understanding why the issue is forever haunting Senator Noynoy Aquino and his family. Luisita was named after Luisa, the wife of the top official of Tabacalera.
Tobacco used to be the main crop planted in Luisita, but in the s, the Spaniards shifted to sugar. Sugar production had become more profitable because demand was guaranteed by the US quota.
Inthe Spaniards built the sugar mill Central Azucarera de Tarlac to accompany their sugarcane plantation. Around the same year, the wealthy Cojuangco brothers Jose, Juan, Antonio, and Eduardo also put up a small sugar mill in Paniqui, Tarlac.
The Spaniards wanted to sell because of the Huk rebellion and chronic labor problems. Ninoy Aquino wanted the azucarera and hacienda to stay only within the immediate family of his father-in-law, not to be shared with the other Cojuangcos, wrote American development studies expert James Putzel in his book A Captive Land: The Politics of Agrarian Reform in the Philippines.
James Putzel did extensive research on agrarian reform in the Philippines between the late s to the early s. The exclusion of Jose Cojuangco, Sr. Today, this divide is seen between Noynoy Aquino grandson of Jose Sr. To acquire a controlling interest in Central Azucarera de Tarlac, Cojuangco had to pay the Spaniards in dollars.
Dollars were tightly regulated in those times. His application for a P7 million loan said that 4, hectares of the hacienda would be made available to bonafide sugar planters, while the balance 2, hectares would be distributed to barrio residents who will pay for them on installment.
On April 8,Jose Cojuangco, Sr. Pagdating ngang lupa ay sa magsasaka na The way our elders, the farm workers of Hacienda Luisita, understood things at that time, within 10 years, the Cojuangcos were going to pay back the money they borrowed from the government.
Bais was born on the hacienda inthe year before the Cojuangco family took over.
His mother was also born on the hacienda. When came and went with no land distribution taking place, the farm workers began to organize themselves to uphold their cause.
His entry into national politics marked the start of his bitter rivalry with President Ferdinand Marcos.
After Marcos declared Martial Law inhis most voluble critic Aquino, who was planning to run for President, was one of the first people arrested. Government files case vs. However, as Ninoy Aquino and his family were leaving for exile in the US, a case was filed on May 7, by the Marcos government against the Cojuangco company TADECO for the surrender of Hacienda Luisita to the Ministry of Agrarian Reform, so land could be distributed to the farmers at cost, in accordance with the terms of the government loans given in to the late Jose Cojuangco, Sr.
Republic of the Philippines vs. The Cojuangcos always replied that the loan terms were unenforceable because there were no tenants on the hacienda. Inside Hacienda Luisita, however, the farmers thought the wheels of justice were finally turning and land distribution was coming. Paano mapapatag ang lupang ito?
Paano makapag-tanim kung walang taong inabutan?MISSION: To foster FILIPINO NATIONALISM. "Shake the foundations." Seek knowledge/understand/think critically about roots of socioeconomic-political predicaments in our homeland; educate ourselves, expose lies/hidden truths and fight IGNORANCE of our true history.
Hacienda Luisita is the most famous case study of the state of the country's land reform. The country's rich families maintain control over , landholdings, including .
Philippine Daily Inquirer Digital Edition. Welcome to Philippine Daily Inquirer Digital Edition! Now you can read Philippine Daily Inquirer Digital Edition anytime, anywhere.
Philippine Daily Inquirer Digital Edition is available to you at home or at work, and is the same edition as the printed copy available at . Corazon Aquino () was the first female president of the Phillipines, and is known for leading the People Power Revolution in which restored democracy to the country.
She was named TIME’s Woman of the Year in Cory Aquino did not aspire to be a politician.
In , after graduating from Mount St. Vincent [ ]. Sir Nicholas Alexander Faldo, an English professional golfer on the European Tour, has been one of my most favorite golfers for the way he conquered the golfing world and how he led by example in a good life outside of the golf course.
I have followed his career as a top player of his era, renowned for his single-minded dedication to the game, he was ranked No. 1 on the Official World Golf.
I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering issues with your site. It looks like some of the text within your posts are running off the.