They want what we want for our children and that is for their children to grow up successful, to be healthy, and to have a successful life. But I am surprised by one thing that they do have: In fact, when I travel to the developing world, Coke feels ubiquitous. But I think, as a community, we still have a lot to learn.
This interview with Bill Gates was conducted in But how does the organization decide which causes and institutions to fund?
Bill Gates, its co-founder and co-chair, has a well-established knack for sifting through complex data sets to find the right pathways for making progress around the globe in health, education and economic development.
Scientific American contributing editor W. Wayt Gibbs sat down with Gates to learn more about how he views the world. In the World Bank published a World Development Report that you have said was instrumental in your early thinking about how to direct your charitable giving to be most effective in improving global health.
That was a very important document for me. Melinda and I went to Africa inand that trip got me thinking about how much nutrition people there have, how people live—sometimes not even being able to afford shoes—why so many children die and the different tiers of social development. But then I saw that World Development Report.
We were giving money to PATH [an international charity based in Seattle], which was working both on infectious diseases and contraception.
I was having dinner with their board and someone pointed out that, although it may seem counterintuitive, improving the health of children actually works in the long-term to reduce population growth—when fewer kids die, parents choose to have smaller families.
And then I saw in that World Development Report that 12 million children are dying every year. It was mind-blowing to me that these preventable diseases—pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria and some other infections that infants get—had such a huge impact.
And I was surprised by the huge disparity between poor countries, where 20 percent of children were dying before the age of five, and rich countries where that number is more like half a percent. How did you two meet and decide on this course? I met Chris in when he was working for the WHO and was doing the first-ever ranking of national health systems.
This idea that somebody should try to pull together the best understanding of health, particularly for poor countries—Chris is an ambitious guy, so from the beginning he wanted to do it for all countries—was an attractive one. The one that has received the most attention recently is his belief that there are a lot of adult malaria deaths both inside and outside of Africa.
Within the next five years, that controversy should be brought to ground. But just the fact that somebody is trying to publish these numbers and put error bars on them focuses the discussion. We want to get the trend lines on these things, and now that IHME has created a central repository, you no longer have to read hundreds of articles and try to assemble the big picture yourself.
People can argue over specific numbers but if the right process is in place, the error bars will either get bigger or some study will be done and the state of knowledge will get better.
Chris did the first version, and a lot of people disagreed with the results. So now IHME has set up a governance committee and a formal process [for conducting outside expert peer review]. But the WHO and other U. Why is it necessary to have a whole separate effort to do that?
They face a certain paradox: Are they a friend of the countries and just there to help them or are they a critic of the countries? Ranking their customers ended up being tough for them to do. Eventually, we stepped up to create IHME.
Now that you have been engaged for well over a decade in efforts to improve global health, what would you identify as lessons you have learned that caused you to change your approach in some substantial way?
Like with IHME, you could ask: They are technical experts who are good at writing reports about things. The Global Fund took on a different mission: Staying outside of the U.
Have you actually used it in that way to identify programs that are working and those that are not working and need redirection? The GBD assembles data from lots of different field studies, many of which we are funding. We still struggle with large uncertainty about the locations and extent of certain diseases, such as typhoid and cholera, which no country wants to admit they still have.
My teams, like others who are very active in fieldwork, usually are looking at the primary papers as soon as they come out in the scientific literature. By the time the information gets aggregated and vetted and incorporated into the GBD database, it should no longer be surprising to us.
You can see the time progressions and zoom in on any country.
We now have enough detailed data to break big illness categories like diarrheal disease apart into separate diseases by the root cause. Even so, the error bars tend to be quite large on these estimates because, unlike in the rich world where disease cases are actually counted and tracked, in the poorer parts of the world we have to rely on sampling and extrapolation.
If you happen to sample in places where the condition is unusually prevalent, the extrapolated numbers can be wrong.Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), previously branded as the 'William H.
Gates Foundation', is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda tranceformingnlp.com was launched in , and is said to be the largest private foundation in the United States, holding US$ billion in assets. The primary aims of the foundation are, globally, to enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty, and, in.
Microsoft founder Bill Gates has opened up about being a parent, stating that 13 is an appropriate age for a child's first cell phone. The year-old, father-of-three revealed on the Today show.
So where do you want to go tomorrow? That's the question Bill Gates tries to answer in Business @ the Speed of tranceformingnlp.com offers a step program for companies wanting to do business in . Editor's note: This interview with Bill Gates was conducted in With an endowment of $40 billion (give or take), the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has the financial heft to make dramatic.
Microsoft CEO Bill Gates, (© Doug Wilson/CORBIS) William H. Gates III was born in Seattle, Washington, the second of three children, in between an older and a younger sister.
Bill and Melinda Gates share their Annual Letter.