They were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium B. They are sharply contrasting yet strikingly similar, setting the stage for the Peloponnesian War. Their differences were the effect of geographical isolation but they began with the same base of ideas on which to build.
Brief Comparison between Sparta and Athens Ancestry The basic distinction between the two cultures is the ancestry so while the Spartans were descendants of the Dorian invaders, Athenians were of Ionian descent. Form of Government There were two existent forms of government in Ancient Greece, democracy and oligarchy.
Sparta was ruled by two kings and a council of 28 elders. Apart from this a group of 5 members, known as ephors, were responsible for education of children and conduct of a citizen.
This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece.
It was ruled by a council of members who were elected by the citizens. This council would meet and vote to decide the laws of the state.
Athenian democratic government was elected and ruled by an upper class male population. Culture and Beliefs There was a drastic difference in the cultures of the two cities.
Sparta became a military stronghold by emphasizing only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms, while the Athenians grew in the fields of infrastructure and culture. The Spartan belief of total loyalty to the state was the sole reason for their existence.
Athenians and Spartans had different ideologies and goals. Athens always wanted to conquer and rule as much land as possible, while Spartans always kept to themselves unless they were under attack or their army was needed.
However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had striking similarities such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front.
Lifestyle and People The stark lifestyle of Sparta was a contrast to the Athenian focus on thinking and learning. While the Athenian people spent a considerable amount of their time studying literature, art, and music, Spartans were training to be soldiers.
Spartans were brilliant at warfare and their warriors were considered to be among the best in the world. The rigorous training that began at birth hardened the Spartan soldiers such that they never lost a battle in the bloody conflicts that raged almost constantly between the small city-states of ancient Greece.
The people of Athens and Sparta had different set of values and were unique in their own way. Both men and women enjoyed different privileges in Sparta and Athens. It is believed that in Sparta, the elders tested a newborn baby for deformities and if the baby was deemed unlikely to become a strong soldier, he was tossed into a gorge.
For the rest, the training was rigorous. At the age of 7, the child was taken from the mother and put under control of the state.Comparison of men and women in Athens & Sparta When comparing power levels and women’s rights, Sparta was a leader in its time.
Athens and Sparta, though both Greek city-states were different in the way they operated. The two rivals of ancient Greece that made the most noise and gave us the most traditions were Athens and tranceformingnlp.com were close together on a map, yet far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives.
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. A key difference lay in their ambitions, with Athens seeking to expand and Sparta being content with what it had.
Differing Climates Though Athens and Sparta were located in the same country of Greece, the two were far enough apart to exhibit slightly different climates.
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Feb 18, · Quick visual on the differences between Spartan and Athenian Life. Home > Teachers > Free Lesson Plans > Comparing Athens And Sparta. Lesson Plan Library.
Comparing Athens And Sparta. Subject: World History | Grade(s): | The Athens-Sparta Comparison activity is well done! Ancient Greek Civilizations: Sparta Nice description of Sparta and Spartans.