Her mother took care of her education and may have arranged for her to have lessons with the scholar Antoine de la Salewho taught her brothers. The king and queen of France were the uncle and aunt of the groom and the bride respectively: Further, Henry claimed for himself the Kingdom of France, and controlled various parts of northern France. Due to all this, the French king agreed to the marriage of Margaret to his rival on the condition that he would not have to provide the customary dowry and instead would receive the lands of Maine and Anjou from the English.
Overview[ edit ] Cumbria was created as a county in from territory of the historic counties of CumberlandWestmorlandLancashire North of the Sands and a small part of Yorkshirebut the human history of the area is ancient.
It is a county of contrasts, with its mountainous central region and lakes, fertile coastal plains in the north and gently undulating hills in the south. Cumbria now relies on farming as well as tourism as economic bases, but industry has historically also played a vital role in the area's fortunes.
For much of its history Cumbria was disputed between England and nearby Scotland. Raids from Scotland were frequent until the Acts of Union [ citation needed ] and its long coastline was earlier vulnerable to Irish and Norse raids.
Cumbria has historically been fairly isolated. Until the coming of the railway, much of the region was hard to reach, and even today there are roads which make many motorists a little nervous.
In bad winters, some of the central valleys are occasionally cut off from the outside world. Enclaves of Brythonic Celts remained until around the 10th century, long after much of England was essentially 'English'; and the Norse retained a distinct identity well into the Middle Ages.
After that Cumbria remained something of a 'no mans' land' between Scotland and England,[ citation needed ] which meant that the traditional Cumbrian identity was neither English nor Scottish.
This article is about the area that became the county of Cumbria inand its inhabitants. Although the term Cumbria was in use in the 10th century AD, this was a description of an entity belonging to the small kingdom of Strathclyde. In the 12th century, Cumberland and Westmorland came into existence as administrative counties.
Prehistoric Cumbria 'Prehistoric Cumbria' describes that part of north-west England, subsequently the county of Cumbriaprior to the coming of the Romans. Barrowclough puts the archaeological record of the county as of at ' stone tools, metal objects and pots', plus the various monuments such as henges, stone circles, and the like.
The survival of these objects has been influenced by processes such as the rise in sea levels on the west coast, erosion, deposition practices, industrial and agricultural development, and the changing interests and capabilities of antiquarians and archaeologists.
The Neolithic saw the construction of monuments and the running of the axe 'factory' from which stone axes were carried around the country. The Bronze Age saw continuity with the Neolithic way of living and Iron Age Cumbria saw the establishment of the Celtic tribes - possibly those called the Carvetii and Setantii by the Romans.
It is thought that settlers made their way across Morecambe Bay and along the fertile coast. At that time the upland central region of the county was heavily forested, so humans probably kept to the coastal areas, and around estuaries in particular: In the s, human bones were found in Kents Bank Cavern in the north Morecambe Bay area which were in dated to the early Mesolithic, making the find "the most northerly early Mesolithic human remains in the British Isles".
Horse and elk remains, from an earlier date, were also found. At Williamson's Moss in the Eskmeals area, Bonsall discovered 34, pieces of worked flint pebble flintchert and tuffplus wooden raft-like structures that suggest permanent or semi-permanent settlement by the wandering hunter-gatherer population.
Over 30, artefacts were discovered at Monk Moors, also part of the Eskmeals raised shoreline area. This consists mostly of finds of axes and the presence of monuments stone circles, cairns. However, " there are few settlement traces represented either by physical structures or surface flintwork" The change from Mesolithic to Neolithic in Cumbria was gradual and continual.Event.
Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.
in explaining why there was instability in England in the years to ? [25 marks] Target: AO2. L1: The answer will either describe source content or offer stock phrases • the accuracy of the reasons suggested for opposition to the Queen. The one process ongoing that will take millions of years to correct is the loss of genetic and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats.
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Search. In what did Richard Duke of York seek?
The destruction of somerset, decrease Margaret's control, increase control of the king political instability provided by positions in court and the treatment of woodvilles.
Revision Wars of the Roses. How far were the ambitions of Richard Duke of York responsible for the instability in England in the years –60?
Historical Debate Was Richard DOY an over-mighty subject? Was he fighting for . Margaret of Anjou (French: Marguerite; 23 March – 25 August ) was the Queen of England by marriage to King Henry VI from to and again from to Born in the Duchy of Lorraine into the House of Valois-Anjou, Margaret was the second eldest daughter of René, King of Naples, and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine.