Title I of the ADA requires an employer to provide reasonable accommodation to qualified individuals with disabilities who are employees or applicants for employment, except when such accommodation would cause an undue hardship. This Guidance examines what "reasonable accommodation" means and who is entitled to receive it. The Guidance discusses reasonable accommodations applicable to the hiring process and to the benefits and privileges of employment.
The purpose of this part is to implement the transportation and related provisions of titles II and III of the Americans with Disabilities Act of As used in this part: Accessible means, with respect to vehicles and facilities, complying with the accessibility requirements of parts 37 and 38 of this title.
Administrator means Administrator of the Federal Transit Administration, or his or her designee. Alteration means a change to an existing facility, including, but not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, changes or rearrangement in structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height [[Page ]] partitions.
Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, asbestos removal, or changes to mechanical or electrical systems are not alterations unless they affect the usability of the building or facility. Automated guideway transit system or AGT means a fixed-guideway transit system which operates with automated driverless individual vehicles or multi-car trains.
Service may be on a fixed schedule or in response to a passenger-activated call button. Auxiliary aids and services includes: Qualified interpreters, notetakers, transcription services, written materials, telephone headset amplifiers, assistive listening devices, assistive listening systems, telephones compatible with hearing aids, closed caption decoders, closed and open captioning, text telephones also known as telephone devices for the deaf, or TDDsvideotext displays, or other effective methods of making aurally delivered materials available to individuals with hearing impairments; Qualified readers, taped texts, audio recordings, Brailled materials, large print materials, or other effective methods of making visually delivered materials available to individuals with visual impairments; Acquisition or modification of equipment or devices; or Other similar services or actions.
Bus means any of several types of self-propelled vehicles, generally rubber-tired, intended for use on city streets, highways, and busways, including but not limited to minibuses, forty- and thirty-foot buses, articulated buses, double-deck buses, and electrically powered trolley buses, used by public entities to provide designated public transportation service and by private entities to provide transportation service including, but not limited to, specified public transportation services.
Self-propelled, rubber-tired vehicles designed to look like antique or vintage trolleys are considered buses. Commerce means travel, trade, transportation, or communication among the several states, between any foreign country or any territory or possession and any state, or between points in the same state but through another state or foreign country.
Commuter authority means any state, local, regional authority, corporation, or other entity established for purposes of providing commuter rail transportation including, but not necessarily limited to, the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the Connecticut Department of Transportation, the Maryland Department of Transportation, the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, the New Jersey Transit Corporation, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation, and any successor agencies and any entity created by one or more such agencies for the purposes of operating, or contracting for the operation of, commuter rail transportation.
Commuter bus service means fixed route bus service, characterized by service predominantly in one direction during peak periods, limited stops, use of multi-ride tickets, and routes of extended length, usually between the central business district and outlying suburbs.
Commuter bus service may also include other service, characterized by a limited route structure, limited stops, and a coordinated relationship to another mode of transportation.
Commuter rail car means a rail passenger car obtained by a commuter authority for use in commuter rail transportation. Commuter rail transportation means short-haul rail passenger service operating in metropolitan and suburban areas, whether within or across the geographical boundaries of a state, usually characterized by reduced fare, multiple ride, and commutation tickets and by morning and evening peak period operations.
This term does not include light or rapid rail transportation. Demand responsive system means any system of transporting individuals, including the provision of designated public transportation service by public entities and the provision of transportation service by private entities, including but not limited to specified public transportation service, which is not a fixed route system.
Disability means, with respect to an individual, a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual; a record of such an impairment; or being regarded as having such an impairment. The phrase physical or mental impairment means-- Any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: The phrase has a record of such an impairment means has a history of, or has been misclassified as having, a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.
The phrase is regarded as having such an impairment means-- Has a physical or mental impairment that does not substantially limit major life activities, but which is treated by a public or private entity as constituting such a limitation; Has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity only as a result of the attitudes of others toward such an impairment; or Has none of the impairments defined in paragraph 1 of this definition but is treated by a public or private entity as having such an impairment.
The term disability does not include-- Transve stism, transsexualism, pedophilia, exhibitionism, voyeurism, gender identity disorders not resulting from physical impairments, or other sexual behavior disorders; Compulsive gambling, kleptomania, or pyromania; Psychoactive substance abuse disorders resulting from the current illegal use of drugs.
Facility means all or any portion of buildings, structures, sites, complexes, equipment, roads, walks, passageways, parking lots, or other real or personal property, including the site where the building, property, structure, or equipment is located.
Fixed route system means a system of transporting individuals other than by aircraftincluding the provision of designated public transportation service by public entities and the provision of transportation service by private entities, including, but not limited to, specified public transportation service, on which a vehicle is operated along a prescribed route according to a fixed schedule.
High speed rail means a rail service having the characteristics of intercity rail service which operates primarily on a dedicated guideway or track not used, for the most part, by freight, including, but not limited to, trains on welded rail, magnetically levitated maglev vehicles on a special guideway, or other advanced technology vehicles, designed to travel at speeds in [[Page ]] excess of those possible on other types of railroads.Following is a draft list of tasks to be considered when developing a master task list with local input.
Tasks must be performed independently or with assistance provided by drivers or transit system employees based on ADA requirements and . This case was the Commission’s first ADA case resolved by a consent decree. The suit challenged the exclusion of health insurance coverage for the treatment of HIV- .
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important case law and settlement agreements, and applicable constitutional When discussing the ADA and police encounters, a critical preliminary legal issue is whether the ADA even applies to the arrest process.
It has been the longstanding Criminal Justice and the ADA. Oct 03, · Planning for Your Case. Exclusive real-world case statistics from surveys of millions of people who’ve experienced a legal event, analysis of case cost and duration data, and interviews with.
The American Dental Association (ADA) is the nation's largest dental association and is the leading source of oral health related information for dentists and their patients.